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为什么人们认为泰坦尼克号不沉?

news.xixik.com   2020-3-2 11:56:41 资讯来源:嘻嘻网   字号控制:[ ]   投诉/举报
核心提示:Why Did People Consider the Titanic Unsinkable?今天对我们来说似乎令人难以置信的是,任何人都可以相信 70,000 吨钢铁会沉没,特别是泰坦尼克号不会沉没,但这是 1912 年的传统观念。

造船厂哈兰德和沃尔夫坚称,泰坦尼克号从未被宣传为永不沉没的船。他们声称,“永不沉没”的神话是人们对《爱尔兰新闻》和《造船商》杂志文章的解读的结果。他们还声称,这个神话是在灾难发生后发展起来的。

然而,当白星航运纽约办事处获悉泰坦尼克号陷入困境时,白星航运副总裁富兰克林宣布“我们对泰坦尼克号充满信心。我们相信这艘船不会沉没。” 当富兰克林说出这些话时,泰坦尼克号已经在海底。看来白星行总裁也受到了‘神话’的影响。

很难确切地发现“不沉”一词最初是在何时何地首次使用的。下面列出了一些可能性。

中国历史朝代表

摘自 1910 年为奥林匹克号和泰坦尼克号双船制作的白星航运宣传手册的摘录,其中指出这两艘奇妙的船只被设计为永不沉没。一些消息来源称,该措辞用于广告传单,而另一些则指向插图小册子。白星航运坚持宣传手册(如上所示)中使用的词语仅表明泰坦尼克号被设计为永不沉没,而不是声称它是永不沉没的。

1911 年 6 月 1 日,爱尔兰新闻和贝尔法斯特晨报刊登了有关泰坦尼克号船体下水的报道。文章描述了水密隔间和电子水密门系统,并得出结论认为泰坦尼克号实际上不会沉没。

1911 年,造船商杂志发表了一篇关于白星航运的姊妹船泰坦尼克号和奥林匹克号的文章。这篇文章描述了这艘船的构造,并得出结论认为泰坦尼克号实际上是不会沉没的。

“上帝自己不能沉没这艘船!” 这句话因卡梅伦的电影而闻名,据说是甲板手在被问及泰坦尼克号是否真的不会沉没时给出的答案。

无论信仰的起源是什么,毫无疑问,人们确实相信泰坦尼克号不会沉没。

乘客玛格丽特·德瓦尼(Margaret Devaney)说:“我乘坐泰坦尼克号,因为我认为这将是一艘安全的轮船,而且我听说它不会沉没。”

另一位乘客汤姆森·比蒂(Thomson Beattie)在家里写信说:“我们正在换船,乘坐一艘不会沉没的新船回家。”

二十世纪初,人们对新的科学技术有着绝对的信心。他们相信 20 世纪的科学能够而且将会提供解决所有问题的答案。

“永不沉没”的泰坦尼克号的沉没粉碎了人们对科学的信心,并使人们对这种奇妙的说法更加怀疑。

 

The shipbuilders Harland and Wolff insist that the Titanic was never advertised as an unsinkable ship. They claim that the ‘unsinkable’ myth was the result of people’s interpretations of articles in the Irish News and the Shipbuilder magazine. They also claim that the myth grew after the disaster.

Yet, when the New York office of the White Star Line was informed that Titanic was in trouble, White Star Line Vice President P.A.S. Franklin announced ” We place absolute confidence in the Titanic. We believe the boat is unsinkable.” By the time Franklin spoke those words Titanic was at the bottom of the ocean. It would seem that the White Star Line President was also influenced by the ‘myth’.

It is difficult to discover exactly where or when the term ‘unsinkable’ was first used. Listed below are some possibilities.

An extract from a White Star Line publicity brochure produced in 1910 for the twin ships Olympic and Titanic which states ??these two wonderful vessels are designed to be unsinkable. Some sources state that this wording was used on an advertising flyer while others point to an illustrated brochure. The White Star Line insist that the words used in the publicity brochure (shown above) only point to Titanic’s being designed to be unsinkable, not that it was claimed to be unsinkable.

On June 1, 1911, the Irish News and Belfast Morning News contained a report on the launching of Titanic’s hull. The article described the system of watertight compartments and electronic watertight doors and concluded that Titanic was practically unsinkable.

In 1911, Shipbuilder magazine published an article on the White Star Line’s sister ships Titanic and Olympic. The article described the construction of the ship and concluded that Titanic was practically unsinkable.

“God himself could not sink this ship!” This quotation, made famous by Cameron’s film, is reputed to have been the answer given by a deck hand when asked if Titanic was really unsinkable.

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Whatever the origin of the belief, there is no doubt that people did believe Titanic to be unsinkable.

Passenger Margaret Devaney said “I took passage on the Titanic for I thought it would be a safe steamship and I had heard it could not sink.”

Another passenger, Thomson Beattie, wrote home “We are changing ships and coming home in a new unsinkable boat.”

It was the beginning of the twentieth century and people had absolute faith in new science and technology. They believed that science in the twentieth century could and would provide answers to solve all problems.

The sinking of the ‘unsinkable’ Titanic shattered much confidence in science and made people more sceptical about such fantastic claims.


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