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美国的贫穷有多穷?美国各州的贫困县

news.xixik.com   2015-1-21 16:29:15 资讯来源:龙腾网   字号控制:[ ]
核心提示:2013年,一些县有着不错的就业市场,但有36个贫困县的失业率高于全国7.4%的水平。值得注意的是,在亚利桑那州的阿帕奇县,五名劳动者中就有近一名失业。

The Poorest County In Each State

美国各州的贫困县
 



JOSHEDELSON via Getty Images
In eachstate, there was at least one county with a median annual household income morethan $7,000 lower than the state’s median income. Virginia and Maryland hadcounties with median incomes over $35,000 lower than that of the state. 24/7Wall St. reviewed the poorest county in eachstate based on data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

在各州,都至少还有一个县的家庭年收入中位数比州水平低7000美元以上。马里兰州和弗吉尼亚州有的县的家庭收入中位数比州水平低了35000美元多。24/7 Wall St.(译者注:一家专业财经网站)对来源于人口普查局美国社区调查中的各州最贫困县的数据进行了研究后发现。

Thepopulation of 24 of these poorest counties was predominantly rural. Eight had100% rural populations. However, in some states, the poorest counties werelargely urban. For example, the poorest counties in New York and Pennsylvaniahad 100% urban populations as of 2010.

这些贫困县中的24个其人口构成主要为农业,其中8个县为100%的农业人口。不过,也有一些州的贫困县主要是城市人口。比如,纽约州和宾夕法尼亚州的贫困县在2010年时就是100%的城市人口。译文来源:龙腾网 HTTP://WWW.LTAAA.COM
In manyof these counties, residents struggled with low educational attainment andlimited job opportunities. In the five years through 2013, the percentage ofadults who had attained at least a bachelor’s degree was below the comparablenational figure of 28.8% in 45 of the 50 counties. There were exceptions. InWashington and Wyoming’s poorest counties, nearly half of the adult residentshad attained at least a bachelor’s degree.

大多数这些县的居民挣扎于较低的受教育程度和有限的工作机会中。截至2013年的过去5年里,这50个县中的45个县,其成年人取得学士以上学位的比例低于国家28.8%的水平。当然也有例外,华盛顿州和怀俄明州的贫困县,其近一半的成年居民拥有学士以上学位。

Whilesome of the counties had decent job markets, the unemployment rate of 36 of thepoorest counties was above the national rate of 7.4% in 2013. Notably, nearlyone in five workers in Apache County, Ariz., was unemployed.

2013年,一些县有着不错的就业市场,但有36个贫困县的失业率高于全国7.4%的水平。值得注意的是,在亚利桑那州的阿帕奇县,五名劳动者中就有近一名失业。

To identify the poorest counties in each state, 24/7 WallSt. reviewed five-year estimated median annual household incomes from 2009through 2013 from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS).Five-year estimated educational attainment rates also came from the CensusBureau. Annual unemployment rates are for 2013 and came from the Bureau ofLabor Statistics. Figures on the percentage of populations that are classifiedas urban or rural are from the Census Bureau’s 2010 decennial census.

为了确定各州的最贫困县,24/7 Wall St.回顾了来自于美国人口普查局美国社区调查估算的从2009至2013年这5年的家庭年收入中位数和受教育程度数据,来自于美国劳工统计局估算的2013年年度失业率,以及来自于人口普查局2010年人口普查关于城乡人口结构的数据。

Theseare the poorest counties in each state.

各州的最贫困县如下:

1.Sumter County, Alabama

1.萨姆特县,阿拉巴马州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $22,186
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $43,253
> Povertyrate, 2009-2013: 38.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.9%
Alabamahad a median annual household income of $43,253 over the five years through2013, one of the lowest in the nation. A typical Sumter County householdsearned barely more than half of that figure, with a median annual householdincome of $22,186 between 2009 and 2013. Sumter County also had one of thenation’s highest poverty rates. Between 2009 and 2013, 38% of residents livedin poverty, versus the comparable national poverty rate of 15.4%.

赴美生子利与弊

>县家庭收入中位数,2009年-2013年:22186美元

>州家庭收入中位数,2009年-2013年:43253美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:38.0%

>失业率,2013年:9.9%
截至2013年的过去5年里,阿拉巴马州的年家庭收入中位数为43253美元,是这个国家最低的州之一。但具有典型性的萨姆特县在2009至2013年间的年家庭所得几乎只有该数字的一半。萨姆特县也是贫困率最高的几个县之一。在2009至2013年间,有38%的居民生活于贫困中,相比较而言,全国贫困率为15.4%。

2.Bethel Census Area, Alaska

2.贝塞尔人口普查区,阿拉斯加州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $51,689
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $70,760
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 22.8%
>Unemployment, 2013: 15.4%
Atypical household in Bethel — the poorest part of Alaska — earned nearly$52,000 annually between 2009 and 2013. While this figure was over $19,000lower than the state’s median household income, Bethel households did not earnmuch less than a typical American household. Bethel’s unemployment rate, on theother hand, was quite high, at 15.4% in 2013.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51689美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:70760美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:22.8%

>失业率,2013年:15.4%
在2009至2013年间,一个典型的贝塞尔(阿拉斯加州最贫穷的部分)家庭年收入将近52000美元。尽管这个数字被州水平低了19000美元多,但贝塞尔家庭的的收入并不比一个典型的美国家庭低。另一方面,贝塞尔的失业率相当高,2013年为15.4%。

3.Apache County, Arizona

3.阿帕奇县,亚利桑那州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $31,476
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $49,774
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 36.2%
>Unemployment, 2013: 19.8%
Residentsof Arizona’s poorest county clearly struggled with poverty over the five yearsthrough 2013. Apache County’s poverty rate of more than 36% was more thandouble the national rate of 15.4% and one of the highest among states’ poorestcounties. Apache also had one of the highest unemployment rates in 2013, atnearly 20%.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:31476美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:49774美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:36.2%

>失业率,2013年:19.8%
亚利桑那州最贫困的县显然截至2013年的过去5年里挣扎于贫困中。阿帕奇县的贫困率超过36%,是国家贫困率15.4%的两倍多,同时也是贫困率最高的几个县之一。2013年,阿帕奇也是失业率最高的几个地方之一,接近20%。

4. LeeCounty, Arkansas

4.李县,阿肯色州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $25,034
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $40,768
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 31.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 11.2%
Duringthe five years through 2013, Arkansas had a median annual household income of lessthan $41,000, lower than in every state except for Mississippi. A typicalhousehold in Lee County, the state’s poorest, earned nearly $16,000 less thanthe statewide figure. As in other poor counties, Lee residents had relativelylow educational attainment rates. Just 7.1% of adults had completed at least abachelor’s degree between 2009 and 2013, and 70.1% had finished at least highschool, some of the lower rates among the 50 counties reviewed.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:25034美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:40768美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:31.5%

>失业率,2013年:11.2%
截至2013年的过去5年里,阿肯色州家庭年收入中位数低于41000美元,是除密西西比州外最低的。在该州最贫困的李县,一个典型的家庭,其年收入比全州的数据低了将近16000美元。在回顾了50个县中一些较低的数据后发现,相对于其他贫困县,李县居民的受教育程度相对较低,在2009至2013年间,只有7.1%的成年人拥有学士以上学位,70.1%高中毕业。

5. LakeCounty, California

5.湖县,加利福尼亚州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $36,548
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $61,094
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 25.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 11.9%
As inmany low-income areas, California’s Lake County had a relatively high povertyrate. The county’s poverty rate between 2009 and 2013 was 25%, versus anational rate of 15.4%. More than 35% of children were estimated to be livingin poverty over that period as well, considerably higher than the national rateof 21.3%.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:36548美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:61094美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:25%

>失业率,2013年:11.9%
和许多低收入地区一样,加利福尼亚的湖县有着较高的贫困率。该县2009至2013年间的贫困率为25%,相比较而言全国的贫困率为15.4%。期间,估计超过35%的儿童生活在贫困中,大大高于全国水平的21.3%。

6.Otero County, Colorado

6. 奥特罗县,科罗拉多州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $33,848
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $58,433
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 25.2%
>Unemployment, 2013: 8.8%
As inmany other low-income areas, many children in Ortero County were consideredpoor — 42.4% lived in poverty during the five years through 2013, nearly doublethe comparable national rate. Residents were also far less likely than mostAmericans to have completed college. While 28.8% of Americans had at least abachelor’s degree during the five years through 2013, only 15.5% of Oteroresidents had such a degree. The contrast is even more stark when compared toColorado residents, who tend to be among the nation’s most educated.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:33848美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:58433美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:25.2%

>失业率,2013年:8.8%
和其他许多低收入地区一样,奥特罗的儿童被认为是贫困的——截至2013年的过去5年里,42.4%生活在贫困中,几乎是国家水平的两倍。居民取得大学学历的可能性也远低于大多数美国人。截至2013年的过去5年里,全国拥有学士以上学位的比例为28.8%,而奥特罗居民中仅有15.5%有这样一个学位。当和科罗拉多居民相比,对比就更加明显,该州几乎是全国受教育程度最高的。

7.Windham County, Connecticut

7. 温德姆县,康涅狄格州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $59,333
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $69,461
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 11.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 8.7%
Peopleliving in the poorest county in Connecticut still had higher incomes than most Americanhouseholds. While Windham County residents earned much less than the majorityof Connecticut residents between 2009 and 2013, a typical household in Windhamearned nearly $60,000 annually over that period, well above the nationalmedian. Residents also benefited from high health insurance coverage rates, andlow poverty rates. Less than 9% went without health insurance between 2009 and2013, and 11.4% lived in poverty. Children also were much less likely to livein poverty than most in America. While more than one in five American childrenlived in poverty during the five year period through 2013, less than 15% did inWindham County.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:59333美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:69461美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:11.4%

>失业率,2013年:8.7%
生活在康涅狄格州最贫困县的人们仍然比大多数美国家庭有着更高的收入。虽然在2009至2013年间温德姆县居民收入远低于康涅狄格州的大多数居民,但是其间温德姆县的一个典型家庭年收入将近60000美元,远高于全国水平。居民也从高医保覆盖率和低贫困率中受惠。2009至2013年间,没有医保的人低于9%,且仅有11.4%的人生活于贫困中。儿童生活于贫困中的可能性也远低于美国大多数地方。到2013年的过去5年里,超过五分之一的美国儿童生活于贫困中,而在温德姆县只有不到15%。

8.Sussex County, Delaware

8.苏塞克斯县,特拉华州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $52,710
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $59,878
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 13.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.7%
Incomeis relatively well-distributed in Delaware. A typical household in Sussex —Delaware’s poorest county — earned just $7,168 less than the state’s medianannual household income between 2009 and 2013. The county’s poverty rate wasalso a relatively low 13.4% between 2009 and 2013, versus the comparablenational figure of 15.4%. Similarly, the county’s unemployment rate of 6.7% in2013 was lower than the national rate of 7.4% that year.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:52710美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:59878美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:13.4%

>失业率,2013年:6.7%
在特拉华州,收入相对平均分布。2009至2013年间,在苏塞克斯(特拉华州最穷的县)的一个典型家庭年收入仅低于州水平7168美元。该县在2009至2013年间的贫困率,相较于全国的15.4%,也相对较低,为13.4%。同样的,2013年该县的失业率为6.7%,也低于当年全国的7.4%。

9.Putnam County, Florida

9.普特南县,佛罗里达州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $32,497
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $46,956
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 26.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.4%
PutnamCounty residents are the poorest in Florida. Last year, 9.4% of the county’sworkforce was unemployed, versus a national unemployment rate of 7.4%. As inthe poorest counties in most states, Putnam residents had relatively loweducational attainment rates. Just 11.4% of adults had at least a bachelor’s degreeduring the five years through 2013, a fraction of the comparable nationalfigure.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:32497美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:46956美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:26.4%

>失业率,2013年:9.4%
普特南县的居民是佛罗里达州最贫穷的。2013年,该县9.4%的劳动力失业,相比之下全国水平为7.4%。与大多数州的贫困县一样,普特南居民的受教育程度较低,截至2013年的过去5年里,只有11.4%的成年人拥有学士以上学位,只相当于全国水平的一小部分。

10.Telfair County, Georgia
 

10.特尔费尔县,佐治亚州

>County median household income, 2009-2013: $26,634
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $49,179
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 30.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 15.6%
TelfairCounty is the poorest in Georgia as well as poorer than all but nine of theother poorest counties reviewed. Over the five years through 2013, a typicalhousehold in Telfair County earned $26,634, nearly half the national five-yearmedian household income of $53,046. The low incomes may be partly due to thearea’s weak job market. Telfair’s unemployment rate was 15.6% in 2013, nearlythe highest rate reviewed, and considerably higher than the national rate of7.4% that year.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:26634美元

 

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:49179美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:30.5%

>失业率,2013年:15.6%
特尔费尔县市佐治亚州最贫困的县,仅比数据中其他9个最贫困县好一些。截止2013年的过去5年里,特尔费尔县的一个典型家庭收入为26634美元,相当于全国同期水平的一半。收入低的部分原因可能是该地区就业市场的疲软。2013年,特尔费尔的失业率为15.6%,几乎是数据中最高的,相比较而言当年全国的失业率为7.4%。

11.Hawaii County, Hawaii

11.夏威夷县,夏威夷州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $51,250
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $67,402
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 18.3%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.8%
With amedian annual household income of $51,250 between 2009 and 2013, people livingin Hawaii’s poorest county were not especially poor when compared to the restof the nation. However, this figure may be somewhat misleading because of thestate’s remarkably high cost of living. At any rate, county residents werewell-educated, and the area’s job market was relatively strong. Ninety-onepercent of county adults had at least a high school diploma over the five yearsthrough 2013, versus 86% nationally. Also, 6.8% of labor force participantswere unemployed in 2013, versus the national unemployment rate of 7.4%.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51250美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:67402美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:18.3%

>失业率,2013年:6.8%
2009至2013年间,生活在夏威夷州最贫困的县的家庭年收入中位数为51250美元,与这个国家的其余地方相比并不算怎么穷。然而,这个数字可能产生一些误导,因为该州的生活成本非常高。无论如何,该县居民受教育程度良好,该地区就是市场相对强劲。截止2013年的过去5年里,该县91%的成年人至少拥有高中学文凭,而全国为86%。此外,2013年的劳动力失业率为6.8,全国同期失业率为7.4%。

12.Madison County, Idaho

12. 麦迪逊县,爱达荷州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $32,059
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $46,767
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 35.8%
>Unemployment, 2013: 4.6%
With amedian household income of $32,059 between 2009 and 2013, Madison is Idaho’spoorest county. Despite the low incomes, residents had relatively higheducational attainment rates. Nearly 95% of adults had attained at least a highschool diploma, and nearly 34% had completed at least a bachelor’s degreeduring the five years through 2013. Both figures were among the highestreviewed. However, low incomes likely made it difficult for residents to owntheir homes. Less than half of housing units in Madison were owned by theiroccupants, one of the lower homeownership rates.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:32059美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:46767美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:35.8%

>失业率,2013年:4.6%

2009至2013年间,麦迪逊是爱达荷州最贫困的县,其家庭年收入中位数为32059美元。尽管收入低,居民受教育程度却相对较高。到2013年的过去5年里,近95%的成年人拥有高中以上学历,近34%拥有学士以上学位。这两个数字都是数据中最高的。然而,低收入人群难以拥有自己的家园。只有不到一半的麦迪逊居民拥有自己的住房,是住宅自有率较低的地方之一。

13.Jackson County, Illinois

13. 杰克逊县,伊利诺斯州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $33,479
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $56,797
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 30.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 7.9%
With amedian annual household income of just $33,479 over the five years through 2013— $23,318 less than the statewide figure — Jackson was Illinois’s poorestcounty. Despite the low incomes, area residents were well-educated. More than35% of Jackson County adults had at least a bachelor’s degree over that period,one of the higher rates reviewed.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:33479美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:56797美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:30.4%

>失业率,2013年:7.9%
到2013年的过去5年里,家庭年收入中位数为33479美元,比全州水平低23318美元,杰克逊是伊利诺斯州最贫困的县。尽管收入低,当地居民受教育程度良好。在此期间,超过35%的杰克逊县成年人拥有学士以上学位,是数据中比例较高的地方之一。

14.Fayette County, Indiana

14. 费耶特县,印第安纳州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $37,391
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $48,248
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 23.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 10.3%
Lessthan 9% of Fayette County adults had completed at least a bachelor’s degree inthe five years through 2013, a fraction of the national rate of 28.8%. The poorcollege attainment rate may have exacerbated the area’s poverty rate, asresidents may have also found it more difficult to find a job without a highereducation. Nearly one in three children lived in poverty between 2009 and 2013,and more than one in 10 labor force participants were unemployed, both wellabove the respective national rates.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:37391美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:48248美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:23.0%

>失业率,2013年:10.3%
到2013年的过去5年里,不到9%的费耶特县成年人有用学士以上学位,相当于全国水平28.8%的一小部分。可怜的大学文凭比例可能加剧了该地区的贫困率,且居民可能也发现没有更高的教育程度很难找到一份工作。2009至2013年间,近三分之一的儿童生活在贫困之中,超过十分之一的劳动力失业,均高于全国水平。

15.Appanoose County, Iowa

15. 阿珀努斯县,爱荷华州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $39,208
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $51,843
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 15.2%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.4%
Atypical Appanoose household earned less than $40,000 annually between 2009 and2013, less than in any other county in Iowa. By contrast, the state’s medianannual household income over that period was $51,843, slightly lower than thenational figure. While area residents had relatively low incomes, Appanoose’s2013 unemployment rate of 6.4% was lower than the national rate of 7.4%.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:39208美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51843美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:15.2%

>失业率,2013年:6.4%
2009至2013年间,一个典型的阿珀努斯家庭年收入低于40000美元,比爱荷华州的其他县都低。相比之下,同期州家庭年收入中位数为51843美元,略低于全国水平。虽然当地居民收入较低,但2013阿珀努斯的失业率为6.4%,低于全国的7.4%。

16.Crawford County, Kansas

16. 克劳福德县,堪萨斯州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $37,378
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $51,332
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 20.6%
>Unemployment, 2013: 5.6%
Between2009 and 2013, more than one in five Crawford County residents lived inpoverty, versus the national figure of 15.4%. The area’s unemployment rate, onthe other hand, was relatively low, at 5.6%. While residents living in thepoorest counties of other states tended to have relatively poor educationalattainment rates, 90.2% of Crawford adults had completed at least high schoolover the five year period through 2013.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:37378美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51332美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:20.6%

>失业率,2013年:5.6%
2009至2013年间,超过五分之一的克劳福德县居民生活在贫困之中,而全国的贫困率为15.4%。另一方面,该地区的失业率相对较低,为5.6%。相对于其他州贫困县居民较低的受教育程度,截至2013年的过去5年里,克劳福德90.2%的成年人至少已经取得了高中学历。

17.McCreary County, Kentucky

17. 麦克雷里县,肯塔基州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $20,972
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $43,036
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 30.3%
>Unemployment, 2013: 13.5%
Duringthe five years prior to 2013, McCreary County households had a median annualincome of less than $21,000, the lowest county-level income in Kentucky — andin the nation. The low area incomes were likely due in part to poor educationalattainment rates. Less than 70% of adults had at least a high school diplomaduring the five years through 2013, and just 7.3% had at least a bachelor’sdegree. For context, 86% of adults nationwide had at least a high school while28.8% had at least a bachelor’s degree. McCreary County’s job market was alsorelatively weak, as 13.5% of the workforce was unemployed last year, versus thenational rate of 7.4%.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:20972美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:43036美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:30.3%

>失业率,2013年:13.5%
到2013年的过去5年里,麦克雷里县家庭年收入中位数少于21000美元,是肯塔基州,也是这个国家收入最低的县。该地区收入低很可能部分是由于受教育程度不高。到2013年的过去5年里,不到70%的成年人拥有高中以上学历,7.3%拥有学士以上学位。作为背景,全国范围内,86%的成年人拥有高中以上学历,同时28.8%拥有学士以上学位。麦克雷里县就业市场也相对较弱,2013年失业率为13.5%,而全国为7.4%。

18.Madison Parish, Louisiana

18. 麦迪逊堂区,路易斯安那州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $25,498
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $44,874
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 40.3%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.7%
Lessthan three-quarters of Madison Parish residents had completed at least highschool, one of the lowest rates reviewed. While nearly 30% of Americans had atleast a bachelor’s degree, that rate was just 11.2% in Madison Parish. Pooreducational attainment rates likely explain in part the low incomes in thearea. Over the five years through 2013, a typical Madison household made just$25,498, the lowest in the state and the eighth lowest compared to other poorcounties in each of the states. The area’s poverty rate was also especiallyhigh — greater than 40% over the five years through 2013. The rate for childrenwas far worse, at 59.2% over that period.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:25498美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:44874美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:40.3%

>失业率,2013年:9.7%
不到四分之三的麦迪逊堂区居民取得高中以上学历,是比例最低的几个地方之一。近30%的美国人拥有学士以上学位,而在麦迪逊堂区这个比例仅为11.2%。可怜的受教育程度可以部分解释该地区的低收入。到2013年的过去5年里,一个典型的麦迪逊家庭所得仅为25498美元,是该州最低的,且在各州的贫困县中为最穷的第八个县。该地区的贫困率也特别高,截至2013年的过去5年,超过40%,儿童的状况更糟糕,在此期间贫困率达到了59.2%。

19.Piscataquis County, Maine

19. 皮斯卡塔奎斯县,缅因州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $36,646
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $48,453
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 18.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.6%
Atypical household in Piscatuquis County, Maine earned $36,646 annually between2009 and 2013, the lowest in the state, and considerably lower than thecomparable national figure of $53,046. As in the poorest counties in many otherstates, the job market in Piscatuquis was relatively weak. Ten percent ofworkforce participants were unemployed in 2013, versus the nationalunemployment rate of 7.4% that year.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:36646美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:48453美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:18.5%

>失业率,2013年:9.6%
在缅因州的皮斯卡塔奎斯县,2009至2013年间,一个典型的家庭年收入为36646美元,是该州最低的,远低于全国的53046美元。和其他许多州的贫困县一样,皮斯卡塔奎斯的就业市场相对较弱。2013年,10%的劳动力失业,而当年全国失业率为7.4%。

20.Somerset County, Maryland

20. 萨默塞特县,马里兰州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $38,447
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $73,538
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 23.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.9%
Duringthe five years through 2013, Maryland households had a median annual income of$73,538, the highest of any state. While wealthy states tend to have wealthierlocalities across the board, Somserset County, the poorest in Maryland wasstill relatively poor. A typical household earned less than $38,500 between2009 and 2013, more than $35,000 less than the comparable state figure. Pooreducational attainment among county residents may be partially the reason forthe low incomes — 14.2% of area adults had at least a bachelor’s degree duringthe five years through 2013, less than half the comparable national rate of28.8%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:38447美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:73538美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:23.4%

>失业率,2013年:9.9%
截至2013年的过去5年里,马里兰州家庭年收入中位数为73538美元,是所有州中最高的。而富有的州往往有着富裕的地方,萨默塞特县,马里兰州最贫困的地方,其相对较穷。2009至2013年间,一个典型的家庭年收入低于38500美元,相比州水平,低了35000美元多。该县居民可怜的受教育程度可能是低收入的部分原因,截至2013年的过去5年里,该地区14.2%的成年人拥有学士以上学位,不到全国水平28.8%的一半。

21.Berkshire County, Massachusetts

21. 伯克希尔县,马萨诸塞州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $48,450
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $66,866
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 12.8%
>Unemployment, 2013: 7.1%
Massachusettsresidents are some of the nation’s wealthiest. Between 2009 and 2013, thestate’s poorest county had a median annual household income of $48,450, notespecially poor compared to other counties reviewed. As in the rest of thestate, Berkshire County residents benefited from exceptionally high healthinsurance coverage. Just 3.3% of residents did not have health insurance overthe five years through 2013, one of the best rates nationwide.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:48450美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:66866美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:12.8%

>失业率,2013年:7.1%
马萨诸塞州的居民是这个国家最富裕的一群人。2009至2013年间,该州最贫困的县家庭年收入中位数为48450美元,和其他州的贫困县比不算怎么穷。伯克希尔县的居民受益于超乎寻常的医保覆盖率。截至2013年的过去5年里,只有3.3%的居民没有医疗保险,是全国范围内最好的地方之一。

22.Lake County, Michigan

22. 湖县,密歇根州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $29,379
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $48,411
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 27.9%
>Unemployment, 2013: 13.1%
LakeCounty, Michigan’s unemployment rate of nearly 12% in 2013 — well above thenational rate of 7.4% — may have contributed to the area’s low incomes. Atypical household earned $29,379 annually over the five years through 2013, thelowest in the state and considerably lower than the national figure of $53,046.Low college attainment rates may also explain in part the low incomes. Just8.4% of area adults had attained at least a bachelor’s degree during the fiveyears through 2013, one of the lowest figures reviewed.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:29379美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:48411美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:27.9%

>失业率,2013年:13.1%
2013年,密歇根州湖县的失业率将近12%,远高于全国的7.4%,这可能导致了该地区的低收入。截至2013年的过去5年里,该县一个典型家庭的年收入为29379美元,是该州最低的,更远低于全国水平的53406美元。低大学文凭比例或许也能部分解释低收入的原因。截至2013年的过去5年里,该地区只有8.4%成年人拥有学士以上学位,是数据中最低的地方之一。

23.Wadena County, Minnesota

23. 沃迪纳县,明尼苏达州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $36,928
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $59,836
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 16.9%
>Unemployment, 2013: 7.1%
WhileWadena County households had far lower incomes than Minnesotans as a wholebetween 2009 and 2013, county residents had relatively good health coverage.Just 9.2% of residents did not have health insurance over the five yearsthrough 2013, a national uninsured rate of nearly 15%. The county’sunemployment rate was also slightly lower than the national rate of 7.4% in2013.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:36928美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:59836美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:16.9%

>失业率,2013年:7.1%
2009至2013年间,沃迪纳县的家庭收入远低于作为一个整体的明尼苏达州,但其居民有着相对良好的医保覆盖率。截至2013年的过去5年里,只有9.2%的居民没有医疗保险,而全国没有医保的比例接近15%。2013年,该县失业率也低于全国水平的7.4%。

24.Holmes County, Mississippi

24. 福尔摩斯县,密西西比州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $22,325
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $39,031
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 43.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 16.5%
Mississippihad the lowest median annual household income of any state over the five yearsthrough 2013, at just $39,031 — no other state had a median income of less than$40,000. A typical household in Mississippi’s poorest county, Holmes, earnedjust $22,325 annually over that period. Area residents also suffered from highpoverty rates. More than 43% of Holmes residents and 62.4% of children lived inpoverty between 2009 and 2013, both among the highest rates reviewed.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:22325美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:39031美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:43.5%

>失业率,2013年:16.5%
截至2013年的过去5年里,密西西比州在所有州里有着最低的家庭年收入中位数,仅为39031美元,除此之外没有其他州低于40000美元。在此期间,密西西比州最贫困的县的一个典型家庭年收入为22325美元。该地区居民也承受着高贫困率,2009至2013年间,超过43%的福尔摩斯县居民和62.4%的儿童生活在贫困中,两项都是数据中最高的。

25.Oregon County, Missouri

25. 俄勒冈县,密苏里州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $27,743
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $47,380
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 27.7%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.6%
Aless-educated population tends to earn lower incomes, and Oregon County,Missouri is no exception. Less than one in 10 area residents had at least abachelor’s degree during the five years through 2013, barely one-third of thenational figure. Despite the low incomes, residents were more likely to owntheir homes than in many other poor counties. More than 76% of housing units wereowned by their occupants, versus the national homeownership rate of less than65%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:27743美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:47380美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:27.7%

>失业率,2013年:6.6%
一个群体受教育程度较低往往收入较少,密苏里州的俄勒冈县也不是例外。截至2013年的过去5年里,不到十分之一的居民拥有学士以上学位,几乎只有全国水平的三分之一。静安收入低,该县居民与其他许多贫困县相比更多地拥有自己的住房,住房自有率超过76%,而全国水平低于65%。

26.Sanders County, Montana

26. 桑德斯县,蒙大拿州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $32,881
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $46,230
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 22.0%
> Unemployment,2013: 12.6%
As inthe poorest counties in a majority of states, the job market in Sanders Countywas relatively weak. In 2013, nearly 13% of the workforce was unemployed,versus the national unemployment rate of 7.4%. In addition, more than one-thirdof children were estimated to be living in poverty between 2009 and 2013,versus 21.3% of children across the U.S. during that time.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:32881美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:46230美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:22.0%

>失业率,2013年:12.6%
与大多数州的贫困县一样,桑德斯县的就业市场相对疲软。2013年,近13%的劳动力失业,而全国同期微7.4%。此外,截至2013年的过去5年里,有超过三分之一的儿童生活在贫困中,而全国同期水平为21.3%。

27. RedWillow County, Nebraska

27. 红柳县,内布拉斯加州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $42,345
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $51,672
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 12.7%
>Unemployment, 2013: 3.1%
Householdslocated in Red Willow County had an annual median income of $42,345 over thefive years prior to 2013, the lowest in Nebraska, and $10,000 lower than thecomparable state figure. While incomes were relatively low, residents were muchbetter off than residents of the poorest counties in most other states. Theunemployment rate, for example, was just 3.1% in 2013, the lowest among thepoorest counties for each state. Additionally, less than 13% of people lived inpoverty between 2009 and 2013, versus the national figure of 15.4%

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:42345美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51672美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:12.7%

>失业率,2013年:3.1%
截至2013年的过去5年里,红柳县居民的年收入中位数为42345美元,是内布拉斯加州最低的,也比全国水平低了10000美元。虽然收入相对较低,但该县居民比大多数其他贫困县的居民要好得多。例如,2013年失业率仅为3.1%,是各州贫困县中最低的,2009至2013年间,不到13%的人生活在贫困中,而全国为15.4%。

28. NyeCounty, Nevada

28. 奈县,内华达州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $39,876
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $52,800
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 18
>Unemployment, 2013: 11.9%
As inthe poorest counties in many other states, the population of Nye County droppedslightly between the middles of 2012 and 2013. Nye’s 2013 unemployment rate ofnearly 12% may have encouraged many residents to relocate from the area. Therelatively poor job market may also explain in part the low area incomes. Atypical Nye household earned less than $40,000 between 2009 and 2013, nearly$13,000 less than the statewide median household income over that time.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:39876美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:52800美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:18%

>失业率,2013年:11.9%
正如许多其他州的贫困县,2009至2013年间,奈县的人口略有下降。2013年,奈县失业率将近12%,这可能促使许多居民搬离该地区。相对较差的就业市场或许也能部分介绍该地区的低收入。2009至2013年间,一个典型的奈县家庭年收入少于40000美元,比同期州家庭年收入中位数少了将近13000美元。

29.Coos County, New Hampshire

29. 库斯县,新罕布什尔州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $41,985
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $64,916
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 13.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.4%
As inother wealthy states, residents living in the poorest county in New Hampshirewere not especially burdened financially. A typical household earned less than$42,000 annually over the five years through 2013, considerably less than thenational figure of $53,046. However, the poverty rate was 13.4%, and theunemployment rate was 6.4%, both lower than the national rates of 15.4% and7.4%, respectively.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:41985美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:64916美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:13.4%

>失业率,2013年:6.4%
正如其他富裕的州,居住在新罕布什尔州最贫困的县的居民经济负担并不是特别沉重。截至2013年的过去5年里,一个典型家庭年收入低于42000美元,大大低于全国水平的53046美元。尽管如此,该县贫困率为13.4%,失业率为6.4%,均分别低于全国15.4和7.4%的水平。

30. CumberlandCounty, New Jersey

30. 坎伯兰县,新泽西州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $50,750
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $71,629
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 17.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 12.2%
Overthe five years through 2013, a typical New Jersey household earned $71,629annually, the second-highest median household income of any state. TypicalCumberland County households earned $50,750 annually over that period, nearly$21,000 less than the statewide figure, but not remarkably lower than the nationalmedian. Despite the moderately high incomes, Cumberland residents had lowereducational attainment rates compared to most Americans.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:50750美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:71629美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:17.5%

>失业率,2013年:12.2%
截至2013年的过去5年里,一个典型的新泽西州家庭年收入为71629美元,是所有州中第二高的。同期,典型的坎伯兰县家庭每年收入为50750美元,比州水平少了近21000美元,但并不显著低于全国水平。尽管有着中高收入水平,但坎伯兰居民受教育水平和大多数美国人相比较低。

31.Sierra County, New Mexico

31. 谢拉县,新墨西哥州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $27,430
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $44,927
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 22.6%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.2%
Like inmost of New Mexico, Sierra County residents earned relatively little comparedto most Americans. County households had a median annual income of $27,430between 2009 and 2013, nearly half the national income of $53,046. However, thecounty’s job market, as measured by unemployment, was relatively strong. Just6.2% of the area’s workforce was unemployed in 2013, lower than the nationalrate.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:27430美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:44927美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:22.6%

>失业率,2013年:6.2%
像新墨西哥州的大多数人一样,谢拉县居民收入比大多数美国人少。2009至2013年间,该县家庭年收入中位数为27430美元,近乎只有全国收入水平53046美元的一半。尽管如此,该县的就业市场较为强劲。2013年该地区只有6.2%的失业率,低于全国水平。

32.Bronx County, New York

32. 布朗克斯县,纽约州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $34,388
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $58,003
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 29.8%
>Unemployment, 2013: 11.8%
Lessthan 70% of adults living in the Bronx had attained at least a high schooldiploma, one of the lowest attainment rates in the country. Poor educationamong residents likely contributed to the area’s low incomes. Low incomes, inturn, made it exceedingly difficult for residents to afford owning their homes.Less than one in five housing units in the Bronx were occupied by thehomeowner, versus close to two-thirds of housing units across the nation.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:34388美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:58003美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:29.8%

>失业率,2013年:11.8%
低于70%布朗克斯县成年人中拥有高中以上学历,是最低的地方之一。居民受教育成都较差可能导致该地区的低收入。反过来说,低收入使得居民很难承受自己拥有住房。布朗克斯县只有不到五分之一的房屋为房主自用,而全国水平接近三分之二。

33.Scotland County, North Carolina

33. 苏格兰县,北卡罗莱纳州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $29,592
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $46,334
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 32.3%
>Unemployment, 2013: 14.6%
Atypical household in Scotland County earned an annual income of less than$30,000 over the five years through 2013, substantially lower than the stateand national median household incomes. The county’s job market was particularlyweak, with an unemployment rate of 14.6%, nearly double the national rate in2013. Additionally, as in most of the poorest counties in each state, Scotlandresidents had low college attainment rates. While nearly 29% of Americans hadat least a bachelor’s degree during the five years through 2013, just over 14%of Scotland residents had such a degree.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:29592美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:46334美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:32.3%

>失业率,2013年:14.6%
截至2013年的过去5年里,苏格兰县的一个典型家庭年收入少于30000美元,大大低于该州和全国的家庭年收入中位数。该县的就业市场十分疲软,2013年,失业率高达14.6%,接近全国水平的两倍。此外,如同大多数贫困县,苏格兰革命有着较低的大学毕业率,截至2013年的过去5年里,近29%的美国人拥有学士以上学历,而苏格兰居民刚刚超过14%。

34.Rolette County, North Dakota

34. 罗莱特县,北达科他州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $31,336
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $53,741
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 36.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 12.9%
Morethan 34% of Rolette County residents did not have health insurance during thefive years through 2013, versus 14.9% nationwide. The low coverage rate waslikely the result of the low incomes and weak job market. Nearly 13% of theworkforce was unemployed in 2013, versus the national unemployment rate of7.4%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:31336美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:53741美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:36.0%

>失业率,2013年:12.9%
截至2013年的过去5年里,超过34%的罗莱特县居民没有医保,而全国为14.9%。低医保覆盖率可能是低收入和就业市场疲软的结果。2013年近13%的劳动力失业,而全国失业率为7.4%

35.Athens County, Ohio

35. 雅典县,俄亥俄州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $33,823
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $48,308
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 31.7%
>Unemployment, 2013: 8.4%
Nearly32% of Athens County residents lived in poverty over the five years through2013, more than double the national figure of 15.4%. While children are almostalways more likely to live in poverty than adults in the United States, thiswas not the case in Athens County, where nearly 29% of children lived inpoverty. However, this rate was much higher than the comparable national rateof 21.3%. County households had such low incomes that owning a home was alsoout of reach for many area residents. Over the five years through 2013, lessthan 57% of housing units were owned by occupants, versus the national homeownershiprate of 64.9%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:33823美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:48308美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:31.7%

>失业率,2013年:8.4%
截至2013年的过去5年里,近32%的雅典县居民生活在贫困之中,超过全国水平的两倍。在美国儿童比成年人生活在贫困中的可能性更高,但在雅典县情况并非如此,近29%的儿童生活在贫困中。尽管如此,这个比例相对全国21.3%的水平仍然高很多。该县家庭有着这样的低收入,和其他地区相比,也更难拥有自己的住房。截至2013年的过去5年里,少于57%的房屋由住户所有,而全国住房自有率为64.9%。

36.Pushmataha County, Oklahoma

36. 普什马塔哈县,奥克拉荷马州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $29,897
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $45,339
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 26.5%
> Unemployment,2013: 7.6%
PushmatahaCounty households had a median annual income of less than $30,000 between 2009and 2013, the poorest in Oklahoma. Perhaps due in part to the low incomes,residents also had relatively low health insurance coverage rates. More than27% did not have health care insurance over the five years through 2013, versusthe comparable national figure of 14.9%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:29897美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:45339美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:26.5%

>失业率,2013年:7.6%
2009至2013年间,普什马塔哈县的家庭年收入中位数少于30000美元,是奥克拉荷马州最贫穷的。也许部分是因为低收入,该县居民也有着相对较低的医保覆盖率。截至2013年的过去5年里,超过27%的人没有医疗保险,而全国水平为14.9%。

37.Malheur County, Oregon

37. 马卢尔县,俄勒冈州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $35,578
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $50,229
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 27.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 8.7%
As inthe poorest counties in other states, low incomes among Malheur Countyresidents can be partly attributed to low educational attainment rates. Just13.1% of adults in the region had at least a bachelor’s degree during the fiveyears through 2013, versus the national figure of nearly 29%. Poverty was alsoprevalent in the area. Between 2009 and 2013, 27.4% of Malheur residents livedbelow the poverty line.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:35578美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:50229美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:27.4%

>失业率,2013年:8.7%
如同其他州的贫困县,马卢尔县居民的低收入也许部分是由于教育程度较低。截至2013年的过去5年里,该地区成年人只有13.1%拥有学士以上学位,而全国水平接近29%。贫困在该地区也是一个普遍现象。2009至2013年间,27.4%的马卢尔县居民生活在贫困中。

38.Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania

38. 费城县,宾夕法尼亚州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $37,192
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $52,548
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 26.5%
>Unemployment, 2013: 10.0%
Whilemost of the poorest counties in each state tend to have relatively small populations,Philadelphia is one of several exceptions. Often, living expenses in urbanareas can be higher, making Philadelphia’s low incomes more of a financialburden than in other states’ poorest counties. Also, just 53.3% of housingunits in the county were owned by their occupants. Nearly 65% of U.S. housingunits, by contrast, were owned by occupants. Poverty was also a problem in thearea, as 26.5% of residents lived below the poverty line during the five yearsthrough 2013.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:37192美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:52548美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:26.5%

>失业率,2013年:10.0%
各种的贫困县往往有着较少的人口,但费城是个例外。通常来说,在城市地区的生活费用会更高,这使得费城的低收入者相较于其他州的贫困县有着更重的财务负担。同时,该县房屋自有率只有53.3%,相比之下,美国同期水平接近65%。贫困在该地区也是个问题,截至2013年的过去5年里,26.5%的居民生活在贫困县以下。

39.Providence County, Rhode Island

39. 普罗维登斯县,罗得岛州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $49,297
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $56,361
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 17.1%
>Unemployment, 2013: 10.2%
ProvidenceCounty residents, the poorest in Rhode Island, were not especially poorcompared with the rest of the state. A typical household in the area earnedmore than $49,000 annually between 2009 and 2013, just $7,064 less than thecomparable median household income for the state. One reason for the smalldisparity between the county and its overall state may be the relatively smallsize of Rhode Island. The state is pided into just five counties.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:49297美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:56361美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:17.1%

>失业率,2013年:10.2%
普罗维登斯县的居民是罗德岛州最穷的,但和该州其他地方相比不算特别穷。2009至2013年间,该地区一个典型家庭年收入超过49000美元,仅比该州家庭年收入中位数少7064美元。该县和该州总体差异较小的一个原因可能是罗德岛州面积较小。该州只分为五个县。

40.Allendale County, South Carolina

40. 阿伦达县,南卡罗来纳州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $25,252
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $44,779
> Povertyrate, 2009-2013: 36.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 14.0%
AllendaleCounty’s 2013 unemployment rate of 14% was among the higher rates nationwideand considerably higher than the national rate of 7.4%. The area’s relativelyweak job market may help explain the remarkably low incomes among residents.Between 2009 and 2013, the median annual household income in Allendale was just$25,252, less than half the national figure of $53,046.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:25252美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:44779美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:36.0%

>失业率,2013年:14.0%
阿伦达县2013年的失业率为14%,在全国范围内剩余较高水平,更是大大高于全国7.4%的失业率。该地区相对疲软的就业市场或许能够解释如此低的居民收入。2009至2013年间,阿伦达县家庭年收入中位数仅有25252美元,比全国水平53046美元的一半还少。

41.Shannon County, South Dakota

41. 香农县,南达科他州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $25,648
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $49,495
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 53.2%>Unemployment, 2013: 12.9%
As inother especially poor areas, Shannon County’s job market was relatively weak.The area’s unemployment rate of 12.9% in 2013 may partly explain low incomes.Shannon County residents also struggled with poverty. More than 53% of thearea’s population lived below the poverty line over the five years through2013, by far the highest such rate of any of the 50 countries reviewed.Children, who tend to be disproportionately impacted by poverty, were even morelikely to live in poverty. More than 60% of children in the area lived inpoverty between 2009 and 2013. Nearly 41% of adults did not have healthinsurance over the five-year period through 2013, the worst rate among allcounties reviewed.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:25648美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:49495美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:53.2%

>失业率,2013年:12.9%
正如其他特别穷的地区,香农县的就业市场相对疲软。2013年,12.9%的失业率也许部分能够解释低收入的原因。香农县的居民也挣扎于贫困之中。截至2013年的过去5年里,该地区超过53%的人口生活在贫困线以下,是目前50个州中最高的。儿童更容易受贫困影响,也更可能生活在贫困中。2009至2013年间,该地区超过60%的儿童生活在贫困中。截至2013年的过去5年里,近41%的成年人没有医疗保险,为各县最差。

42.Grundy County, Tennessee

42. 格兰迪县,田纳西州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $26,814
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $44,298
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 29.7%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.5%
A typicalhousehold in Grundy County earned less than $27,000 annually between 2009 and2013. This was especially poor even in Tennessee, where statewide incomestended to be among the lowest in the nation. Low educational attainment ratespartly explain the relatively low incomes. Only 10% of Grundy adults had atleast a bachelor’s degree, and just 70.5% had completed at least high school,both among the lower rates reviewed.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:26814美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:44298美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:29.7%

>失业率,2013年:9.5%
2009至2013年间,格兰迪县的一个典型家庭年收入少于27000美元。这在田纳西州是最穷穷的,而同时该州收入在全国来说也处于最低水平。只有10%的格兰迪成年人拥有学士以上学位,仅仅70.5%高中以上学历,两者在数据中都属于较低水平。

43.Starr County, Texas

43. 斯塔尔县,德克萨斯州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $24,927
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $51,900
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 39.2%
>Unemployment, 2013: 15.4%
With amedian annual household income of less than $25,000 between 2009 and 2013 —less than half the comparable state figure — Starr County was one of thepoorest in the nation. Low incomes were likely related to a range of economicfactors in the area: Nearly 40% of residents did not have health insuranceduring the five years through 2013; a majority of children were estimated to beliving in poverty over that period; and 15.4% of the workforce was unemployedin 2013. All of these figures were among the nation’s worst. In addition, just45% of adults had finished at least high school, and 8.6% had at least abachelor’s degree, both among the lowest rates nationwide.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:24927美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:51900美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:39.2%

>失业率,2013年:15.4%
2009至2013年间,斯塔尔县居民年收入中位数低于25000美元,比全国水平的一般还少,这是全国最低的几个地方之一。该地区的低收入可能是由于一系列的经济因素:截至2013年的过去5年里,近40%的居民没有医保;同时大多数的儿童生活在贫困中;以及2013年15.4%的劳动力失业。所有这些数据在全国都处于最差的水平。此外,只有45%的成年人取得高中以上学历,8.6%拥有学士以上学位,这两项都处于全国最低水平。

44. SanJuan County, Utah

44. 圣胡安县,犹他州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $40,492
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $58,821
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 27.1%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.3%
WhileSan Juan County households earned far less than most Americans, they were amongthe most likely to own their own homes. More than 81% of county housing unitswere owned by their occupants, one of the highest homeownership ratesnationwide. Low incomes still likely had a negative impact on residents. For example,more than 27% of residents went without health insurance during the five yearsthrough 2013, versus just under 15% nationwide.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:40492美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:58821美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:27.1%

>失业率,2013年:9.3%
圣胡安县的居民家庭收入远低于大多数美国人,但他们的房屋自有率却较高。超过81%的住宅是住户自有的,这是全国房屋自有率最高的地方之一。低收入仍可能给居民带来负面影响。例如,截至2013年的过去5年里,超过27%的居民没有医保,而全国水平低于15%。

45. OrleansCounty, Vermont

45. 奥尔良县,佛蒙特州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $41,953
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $54,267
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 15.4%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.2%
Vermonthouseholds had a median income of $54,267 between 2009 and 2013, slightlyhigher than the comparable national figure. But a typical household in OrleansCounty — the state’s poorest — earned much less, with a median annual income ofnearly $42,000. While the poorest counties in many other states, less than 10%of Orleans residents did not have health insurance between 2009 and 2013, whichwas also better than the national figure of nearly 15%. The county’s 2013unemployment rate of 6.2% was also lower than the national rate.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:41953美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:54267美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:15.4%

>失业率,2013年:6.2%
2009至2013年间,佛蒙特州家庭年收入中位数为54267美元,略高于全国水平。但该州最贫困的奥尔良县家庭收入较低,其年收入中位数接近42000美元。相对于其他许多州的贫困县,2009至2013年间,不到10%的奥尔良居民没有医保,好于接近15%的全国水平。该县2013年的失业率为6.2%,也低于全国水平。

46.Martinsville, Virginia

46. 马丁斯维尔独立市,弗吉尼亚州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $28,116
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $63,907
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 27.2%
> Unemployment,2013: 12.1%
Residentsin poor counties — even the poorest counties – in relatively wealthy statestend to have higher incomes compared to the poorest counties in less well-offstates. Virginia, however, appears to be the exception to this pattern. InMartinsville, the poorest area in Virginia, a typical household earned $28,116annually between 2009 and 2013, nearly $36,000 less than the statewide figure.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:28116美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:63907美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:27.2%

>失业率,2013年:12.1%
在相对富裕州的贫困县(哪怕是最贫困的),通常来说其居民收入总是比不富裕州的贫困县要高。然而,在弗吉尼亚出现了例外。马丁斯维尔独立市,弗吉尼亚州最贫困的地区,2009至2013年间,一个典型家庭的年收入为28116美元,比全州水平低了将近36000美元。

47.Whitman County, Washington

47. 怀特曼县,华盛顿州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $36,257
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $59,478
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 32.6%
>Unemployment, 2013: 6.2%
WhileWashington residents earned nearly $60,000 annually between 2009 and 2013, atypical Whitman County household earned over $23,000 less. Despite the lowincomes, however, residents were exceptionally well educated. Nearly half ofadults in the county had attained at least a bachelor’s degree during the fiveyears through 2013, one of the highest rates. The region also had a extremelystrong high school attainment rate, with 96.2% of adults having completed atleast high school.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:36257美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:59478美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:32.6%

>失业率,2013年:6.2%
尽管2009至2013年间华盛顿州的居民年收入将近60000美元,但一个典型的怀特曼县家庭的收入却要少23000美元多。尽管收入低,但是居民受教育程度良好。截至2013年的过去5年里,该县几乎有一半的成年人拥有学士以上学历,是比例最高的地方之一。该地区也有极高的高中毕业率,96.2%的成年人取得了高中以上学历。

48.McDowell County, West Virginia

48. 麦克道威尔县,西弗吉尼亚州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $22,252
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $41,043
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 36.3%
> Unemployment,2013: 10.0%
Due inlarge part to especially low incomes in McDowell County, nearly 51% of countyresidents lived in poverty between 2009 and 2013, versus the comparablenational rate of 15.4%. McDowell County children were also much more likely tolive in poverty than children in other counties. More than 77% of county minorswere estimated to have lived in poverty over that period, higher than in thevast majority of regions.

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:22252美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:41043美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:36.3%

>失业率,2013年:10.0%
很大程度上由于麦克道威尔县极低的收入,2009至2013年间,接近51%的该县居民生活在贫困中,而全国水平为15.4%。麦克道威尔县的儿童也比他县儿童生活在贫困中的可能性更高。其间,超过70%的未成年人生活在贫困中,高于绝大多数地区。

49.Ashland County, Wisconsin

49. 亚什兰县,威斯康星州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $38,550
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $52,413
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 18.8%
>Unemployment, 2013: 9.0%
Nearly22% of Ashland County residents had attained at least a bachelor’s degreebetween 2009 and 2013. While this figure was high relative to the poorestcounties in other states, it was substantially lower than the national collegeattainment rate of nearly 29%. At any rate, households in the county were quitepoor. Children are usually disproportionately affected by poverty: More than30% of children in Ashland County lived in poverty, versus the comparablenational rate of 21.3%.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:38550美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:52413美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:18.8%

>失业率,2013年:9.0%
2009至2013年间,近22%的亚什兰县取得学士以上学位。虽然这个数字高于其他州的贫困县,但仍低于全国水平的29%。无论如何,该县的居民相当贫困。儿童往往更容易受贫困影响:该县超过30%的儿童生活于贫困中,而全国水平为21.3%。

50.Albany County, Wyoming

50. 奥尔巴尼县,怀俄明州


>County median household income, 2009-2013: $42,774
>State median household income, 2009-2013: $57,406
>Poverty rate, 2009-2013: 26.0%
>Unemployment, 2013: 4.0%
Atypical family in Albany County earned $42,774 a year between 2009 and the2013, the lowest median annual household income in Wyoming. While this wassubstantially lower than the corresponding national figure of $53,046, Albanywas far wealthier than other poor regions in other states. Residents were alsoexceptionally well-educated. Nearly half of the area’s adults had a bachelor’sdegree during the five years through 2013, versus less than 29% of allAmericans.
 

>县家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:42774美元

>州家庭收入中位数, 2009年-2013年:57406美元

>贫困率, 2009年-2013年:26.0%

>失业率,2013年:4.0%
2009至2013年间,奥尔巴尼县的一个典型家庭年收入42774美元,是怀俄明州最低的。尽管大大低于全国水平的53046美元,但奥尔巴尼县仍远比其他州的贫困地区更富裕。居民受教育程度也非常好不错。截至2013年的过去5年里,该地区近半的成年人拥有学士以上学位,而美国整体水平低于29%。

【附注:

一、美国的县是州下面一级行政单位,比市高一级,即县比市大,类似于台湾的行政区划。以国内的情况类比,则相当于地市合并之前的地区。其独立市则相当于国内的地级市。二、家庭收入是指税前收入,统计对象为15岁以上家庭成员。
三、这里对贫困的定义并非使用联合国标准,其计算相当之复杂。当一个家庭的年收入低于贫困线时,该家庭所有成员均被视为处于贫困状态,而贫困线则根据家庭规模与构成的不同而不同。比如家庭成员共有多少人,其中有几个18岁以下儿童,户主是否为65岁以上等等。举例来说,典型的一对夫妇带着一个18岁以下孩子的三口之家,其贫困线以1982年美元计算为7765美元,考虑到通货膨胀因素,在2012年7月至2013年6月期间,即为7765乘以通货膨胀率2.39719,约为18641美元。在此期间,如果这三口之家的收入低于18641美元,即这三口人都为贫困人口。
 

赴美生子多少钱

 



 

 

详细可参照:http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/data_documentation/SubjectDefinitions/2013_ACSSubjectDefinitions.pdf)】

搜索 美国贫穷县 美国贫困线 在百度
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